Pigeons are domesticated birds that belong to the Columbidae family. They are commonly utilized as messenger birds due to their renowned homing abilities from great distances. Pigeons have compact and muscular bodies, small heads, and short necks.
Gray, white, and black are the most prevalent, while there is a wide range of other colors and patterns available. Pigeons are highly intelligent and social animals, with a lifespan of up to 15 years. They are also valued for their contribution to scientific research and have been used in various studies on behavior, cognition, and genetics.
Here is the complete information about the 15 Best Pigeon Breeds
Racing Homer Pigeon
The Racing Homer Pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon that’s known for its speed and endurance in long-distance races. They can maintain high speeds in the air for extended periods of time because of their medium size, sleek bodies, and powerful wings.
They’re also known for their intelligence and loyalty to their owners. Racing Homer Pigeons are often bred and trained specifically for racing competitions, and can cover distances of up to 600 miles in a single race. Colors include white, blue, black, and red, and they typically last between ten and fifteen years.
Fantail Pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon that is known for its unique fan-shaped tail. Its global spread can be traced back to India, from where it was likely exported. Fantail pigeons are renowned for their aesthetic appeal and elegant flight, and they can be found in a wide range of colors and patterns.
They are bred mainly for exhibition purposes and are not commonly kept as pets or for meat production. The average lifespan of a Fantail Pigeon is around 5-10 years.
Domesticated pigeons of the King Pigeon breed are recognized for their big stature, refined good looks, and mild demeanor. They are commonly used for exhibition purposes and are often kept as pets. King Pigeons have a distinct appearance, with a broad chest, muscular body, and short beak.
Also, they have a reputation for being nice and mellow, making them a good option for someone seeking a tame pet bird. In terms of care, King Pigeons require a balanced diet, regular grooming, and a clean living space.
The Jacobin pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon known for its distinctive feathered hood that covers its head and neck. It originated in India and was later developed in Europe. Jacobin pigeons are medium-sized and come in a variety of colors.
Their placid demeanor and mild disposition make them ideal household pets. However, they require frequent grooming due to their feathered hood. The breed is popular in pigeon shows and competitions.
American Show Racer Pigeon
The American Show Racer Pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon that is primarily bred for exhibition purposes. They are large, with a broad chest and a short tail. Its feathers can range in color from white to black to blue to crimson.
American Show Racer Pigeons are known for their distinctive flying style, which involves a strong, straight flight with occasional flapping. They are popular among fanciers and breeders for their beauty and grace.
English Carrier Pigeon
In England, communications were sometimes sent via carrier pigeon in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. These pigeons were bred specifically for their homing instincts, allowing them to return to their roost after traveling up to 700 miles away.
They were used extensively during wartime as a means of communication and were also used by businesses and individuals to send urgent messages. Carrier pigeons were once widely used in England to relay messages, but their popularity quickly waned after the invention of more convenient and faster alternatives like the telegraph and the telephone.
Oriental Frill pigeon
The Oriental Frill pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon known for its unique feathered frill on the neck and chest. It has been bred for ages for its decorative value and is said to have originated in the Middle East or Asia.
The Oriental Frill pigeon is a medium-sized bird with a short beak and comes in a variety of colors and patterns. It is known for its friendly and gentle nature and is a popular show bird. Additionally, this breed requires regular grooming to maintain its frill feathers in good condition.
Indian Fantail Pigeon
The Indian Fantail Pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon that originated in India. They are known for their distinct fan-shaped tails which can have up to 30 or more feathers. White, black, blue, red, yellow, and silver are just a few of the colors available. Indian Fantails are primarily bred for ornamental purposes and are popular in pigeon shows.
They are generally docile birds and make good pets. They weigh around 15 to 20 ounces and range in size from medium to large. Indian Fantails are known for their ability to fly high and perform acrobatic maneuvers in the air. They need plenty of space to move around in and a healthy diet of grains, seeds, and veggies.
Domestic fancy pigeons of the Lahore Pigeon (or Shirazi Pigeon) breed have their roots in Lahore, Pakistan. This bird is of the medium size range, yet it stands out because of its huge, broad head, small beak, and long, flowing tail.
Black, red, white, and blue are just some of the colors that can be found in a Lahore Pigeon’s plumage. They are primarily kept as ornamental birds and are known for their beauty, grace, and gentle temperament.
West of England Tumbler Pigeon
The West of England Tumbler Pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon known for its tumbling abilities. It was probably created in Bristol, UK sometime in the 1800s. The breed is medium-sized with a compact body and short beak.
They have a unique flying style and are known for their acrobatic tumbling during flight. The breed comes in a variety of colors and can be kept as pets or used for showing. They are generally hardy birds and can live up to 10-15 years.
American Giant Homer Pigeon
The American Giant Homer Pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon that is known for its large size and impressive flying abilities. It was likely formed by the selective breeding of many other pigeon breeds and first appeared in the early 1900s in the United States.
The American Giant Homer Pigeon can grow to a maximum length of 30 inches and a weight of 1.6 to 2.2 pounds. They can fly great distances at rapid speeds thanks to their powerful, muscular bodies. They are frequently kept as racing or display birds, and their hues range from white to black to blue to red.
The Modena Pigeon is an Italian domestic pigeon breed with its roots in the city of Modena. Its characteristic physical shape includes a short beak, broad chest, and long, slender neck, and they tend to be a medium size.
Modena Pigeons come in a variety of colors and patterns, including black, blue, red, and dun. They are popular in the exhibition circuit and are known for their elegant appearance and calm demeanor. Modena Pigeons are also used for racing and as pets.
Domestic fancy pigeons of the Nun breed are also referred to as Dutch Shell Pigeons in continental Europe. It was created after years of careful breeding.
All domesticated pigeon breeds, including this one, are descended from the rock pigeon.
One of the earliest varieties of pigeons, it was first used as a flying tumbler before being bred for display.
This breed’s exact origins are uncertain, however, it is thought to have descended from tumbler pigeons.
The breed gets its name from the way its feathers stand up in the back, creating a hood that covers the bird’s head and neck.
Saddle Homers Pigeon
The Saddle Homers Pigeon is a breed of domestic pigeon that has a distinct white saddle-shaped marking on its back. They’re about average size and have a laid-back, friendly temperament. Saddle Homers are commonly used for hobby breeding and showing, as well as for meat production.
They are known for their strong homing instincts and are often used as racing pigeons. Overall, Saddle Homers are beloved by many pigeon enthusiasts for their unique appearance and versatile abilities.
The Trumpeter Pigeon is a domestic breed of pigeon that is known for its distinct appearance and loud cooing call. Their bodies are huge and spherical, and they have short beaks and distinctive crests of feathers on their heads.
These pigeons are commonly used for exhibition purposes and are bred in a variety of colors. They are known for being calm and friendly birds and make great pets. But, you’re more likely to see one in a zoo or a private collection than in the wild.
Pigeon is a little-hearted pet that remains friendly with children and their owners. It is present in different and variety of species in the world.
You can get massive information regarding this pet. It is a very beautiful and appealing bird in the world.